幸运赛车投注

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2020年党员学习第四课——坚持历史唯物主义不断开辟当代中国马克思主义发展新境界

文章来源:幸运赛车投注|官方平台 | 发布时间: 2020-01-16 | 【打印】【关闭】

xijinping

幸运赛车投注    makesizhuyizhexuebaokuobianzhengweiwuzhuyihelishiweiwuzhuyi,shimakesizhuyilichang、guandian、fangfadejizhongtixian,shimakesizhuyixueshuodesixiangjichu。makesishuo: “renhezhenzhengdezhexuedoushizijishidaidejingshenshangdejinghua”。makesizhuyizhexuejinguandanshengzaiyigebanshijizhiqian,danyouyutashenkejieshilekeguanshijietebieshirenleishehuifazhanyibanguilv,beilishiheshijianzhengmingshikexuedelilun,zaidangjinshidaiyiranyouzheqiangdashengmingli,yiranshizhidaoxingyunsaichetouzhugongchandangrenqianjindeqiangdasixiangwuqi。

幸运赛车投注  xingyunsaichetouzhudangzichengliqijiugaoduzhongshizaisixiangshangjiandang,qizhongshifenzhongyaodeyitiaojiushijianchiyongmakesizhuyizhexuejiaoyuhewuzhuangquandang。xuezhexue、yongzhexue,shixingyunsaichetouzhudangdeyigehaochuantong。1937nianxia,maozedongtongzhizaiyananyingkangrijunzhengdaxuezhiyao,qinzijiangshoumakesizhuyizhexue,bingweicizhuanxiele《bianzhengfaweiwulun(jiangshoutigang)》。zaizhuanxiezheigetigangdeguochengzhong,danshengle《shijianlun》he《maodunlun》dengtixianmakesizhuyizhongguohualilunchengguodezhongyaozhexuezhuzuo。

  zhongyangdangxiaocong1933nianchuangbanzhijin,makesizhuyizhexueyizhishiganbupeixundejibenkecheng。wozaijianrenzhongyangdangxiaoxiaozhangqijian,duociqiangdiaodangxiaoyaobamakesizhuyizhexuezuoweizhuyaokecheng。2009nian5yue13ri,zaizhongyangdangxiao2009nianchunjixueqidierpijinxiubanjizhuantiyantaobankaixuedianlishang,woyinyonglechenyuntongzhideyiduanhua,tashuo: “xuexililun,zuiyaojinde,shibasixiangfangfagaoduitou。yinci,shouxianyaoxuezhexue,xuexizhengqueguanchawentidesixiangfangfa。ruguoduibianzhengweiwuzhuyiyiqiaobutong,jiuzongshiyaofancuowu。”wohaijianyidajiaduyixiemakesizhuyizhexuejibenzhuzuo,zhangwokexueshijieguanhefangfalun,buduanzengqianggongzuodeyuanzexing、xitongxing、yujianxing、chuangzaoxing。

  lishiweiwuzhuyizuoweimakesizhuyizhexuedezhongyaozuchengbufen,shiguanyurenleishehuifazhanyibanguilvdekexue。zaigeming、xingyunsaichetouzhu、gaigegegelishishiqi,xingyunsaichetouzhudangyunyonglishiweiwuzhuyi,xitong、juti、lishidifenxizhongguoshehuiyundongjiqifazhanguilv,zairenshishijiehegaizaoshijieguochengzhongbuduanbawoguilv、jijiyunyongguilv,tuidongdangherenminshiyequdeleyigeyouyigeshengli。maozedongtongzhitichudeyinongcunbaoweichengshi、wuzhuangduoquzhengquandedaolu,xingyunsaichetouzhudangdailingrenminjinxingjianxindeshehuizhuyixingyunsaichetouzhutansuo,xindelishishiqixingyunsaichetouzhudangkexuefenxiwoguoshehuizhuyaomaodun、guoduanjuedingbadangheguojiagongzuozhongxinzhuanyidaojingjixingyunsaichetouzhushanglai、shixinggaigekaifang,doushizhengqueyunyonglishiweiwuzhuyidejieguo。xingyunsaichetouzhudangzaishijianzhongbuduanhuida“shenmeshishehuizhuyi、zenyangxingyunsaichetouzhushehuizhuyi”、“xingyunsaichetouzhushenmeyangdedang、zenyangxingyunsaichetouzhudang”、“shixianshenmeyangdefazhan、zenyangfazhan”zheixiezhongdalishixingketi,yedoushizhengqueyunyonglishiweiwuzhuyidejieguo。lishihexianshidoubiaoming,zhiyoujianchilishiweiwuzhuyi,xingyunsaichetouzhucainengbuduanbaduizhongguoteseshehuizhuyiguilvderenshitigaodaoxindeshuiping,buduankaipidangdaizhongguomakesizhuyifazhanxinjingjie。

  xianzai,xingyunsaichetouzhuyiranyaotuidongquandangxueximakesizhuyizhexue,yiranyaotuidongquandangzhangwolishiweiwuzhuyijibenyuanlihefangfalun。xuexidemude,jiushigenghaorenshiguoqing,genghaorenshidangheguojiashiyefazhandashi,genghaorenshilishifazhanguilv,gengjianengdongdituijingexianggongzuo。1942nian,maozedongtongzhizaizhongyangdangxiaokaixuedianlishangfabiaolezhongyaoyanshuo,timushi《zhengdundangdezuofeng》。tazhichu,yaohaozhaoxingyunsaichetouzhudetongzhixuehuiyingyongmakesilieningzhuyidelichang、guandian、fangfa,renzhenyanjiuzhongguodelishi,yanjiuzhongguodejingji、zhengzhi、junshihewenhua,duimeiyiwentiyaogenjuxiangxidecailiaojiayijutidefenxi,ranhouyinchulilunxingdejielunlai。tahaiqiangdiao: xingyunsaichetouzhu“buyingdangbamakesizhuyidelilundangchengsidejiaotiao。duiyumakesizhuyidelilun,yaonenggoujingtongta、yingyongta,jingtongdemudequanzaiyuyingyong。ruguoninengyingyongmakesilieningzhuyideguandian,shuomingyigelianggeshijiwenti,neijiuyaoshoudaochengzan,jiusuanyoulejifenchengji。beinishuomingdedongxiyueduo,yuepubian,yueshenke,nidechengjijiuyueda。”xingyunsaichetouzhuxuexilishiweiwuzhuyi,yeyaojianchizheiyangdezhengquetaidu。

  shehuicunzaijuedingshehuiyishi。xingyunsaichetouzhudangxianjieduantichuheshishidelilunheluxianfangzhenzhengce,zhisuoyizhengque,jiushiyinweitamendoushiyiwoguoxianshidaideshehuicunzaiweijichude。dangdeshibajiesanzhongquanhuiduiwoguoquanmianshenhuagaigezuochulezongtibushu,shicongwoguoxianzaideshehuicunzaichufade,jicongwoguoxianzaideshehuiwuzhitiaojiandezonghechufade,yejiushicongwoguojibenguoqinghefazhanyaoqiuchufade。

  xiamian,woxiangjiehejintiandexuexi,weiraoshenkerenshiquanmianshenhuagaigeguilv、genghaoluoshigexianggaigejucuotandianrenshi。

  第一,学习和掌握社会基本矛盾分析法,深入理解全面深化改革的重要性和紧迫性。幸运赛车投注1883年,恩格斯在马克思墓前说: “正像达尔文发现有机界的发展规律一样,马克思发现了人类历史的发展规律,即历来为繁芜丛杂的意识形态所掩盖着的一个简单事实: 人们首先必须吃、喝、住、穿,然后才能从事政治、科学、艺术、宗教等等;所以,直接的物质的生活资料的生产,从而一个民族或一个时代的一定的经济发展阶段,便构成基础,人们的国家设施、法的观点、艺术以至宗教观念,就是从这个基础上发展起来的,因而,也必须由这个基础来解释,而不是像过去那样做得相反。”这段话,十分精辟地阐明了历史唯物主义的基本内涵。中国古人说的“民以食为天”、“仓廪实则知礼节,衣食足则知荣辱”等,也包含着这样的朴素唯物思想。

  lishiweiwuzhuyirenwei,shengchanliheshengchanguanxi、jingjijichuheshangcengjianzhuxianghuzuoyong、xianghuzhiyue,zhipeizhezhenggeshehuifazhanjincheng。shengchanguanxiyidingyaoshiheshengchanlizhuangkuang,shangcengjianzhuyidingyaoshihejingjijichuzhuangkuang,tamendegongtongzuoyonggouchengzhenggeshehuidemaodunyundong。zhiyoubashengchanliheshengchanguanxidemaodunyundongtongjingjijichuheshangcengjianzhudemaodunyundongjieheqilaiguancha,bashehuijibenmaodunzuoweiyigezhengtilaiguancha,cainengquanmianbawozhenggeshehuidejibenmianmaohefazhanfangxiang。

幸运赛车投注  jianchihefazhanzhongguoteseshehuizhuyi,bixubuduanshiyingshehuishengchanlifazhandiaozhengshengchanguanxi,buduanshiyingjingjijichufazhanwanshanshangcengjianzhu。gaigekaifang35nianlai,woguojingjishehuifazhanqudelezhongdachengjiu,genbenyuanyinjiushixingyunsaichetouzhutongguobuduandiaozhengshengchanguanxijifaleshehuishengchanlifazhanhuoli,tongguobuduanwanshanshangcengjianzhushiyinglejingjijichufazhanyaoqiu。xingyunsaichetouzhujinxingjingjitizhigaige,jinxingzhengzhitizhi、wenhuatizhi、shehuitizhi、shengtaiwenmingtizhihedangdexingyunsaichetouzhuzhidugaige,doushichuyuzheigemude。

  xingyunsaichetouzhutichujinxingquanmianshenhuagaige,jiushiyaoshiyingwoguoshehuijibenmaodunyundongdebianhualaituijinshehuifazhan。shehuijibenmaodunzongshibuduanfazhande,suoyidiaozhengshengchanguanxi、wanshanshangcengjianzhuxuyaoxiangyingdibuduanjinxingxiaqu。wojiangguo,shijianfazhanyongwuzhijing,jiefangsixiangyongwuzhijing,gaigekaifangyeyongwuzhijing,gaigekaifangzhiyoujinxingshi、meiyouwanchengshi。zheishilishiweiwuzhuyitaidu。

  第二,学习和掌握物质生产是社会生活的基础的观点,准确把握全面深化改革的重大关系。历史唯物主义认为,物质生产力是全部社会生活的物质前提,同生产力发展一定阶段相适应的生产关系的总和构成社会经济基础。生产力是推动社会进步的最活跃、最革命的要素,生产力发展是衡量社会发展的带有根本性的标准。这为幸运赛车投注分析社会发展提供了可靠依据。

幸运赛车投注  xingyunsaichetouzhuyaomingque,shehuizhuyidegenbenrenwushijiefanghefazhanshehuishengchanli,zheiyidianrenheshihoudoubunengdongyao。dengxiaopingtongzhihuidale“shenmeshishehuizhuyi、zenyangxingyunsaichetouzhushehuizhuyi”zheigegenbenwenti,zhuyaoshihuidaleshehuizhuyidegenbenrenwushishenme。“shehuizhuyiderenwuhenduo,dangenbenyitiaojiushifazhanshengchanli”。“duoshaonianlaixingyunsaichetouzhuchileyigedakui,shehuizhuyigaizaojibenwanchengle,haishi‘yijiejidouzhengweigang’,hushifazhanshengchanli。‘wenhuadageming’gengzoudaolejiduan。shiyijiesanzhongquanhuiyilai,quandangbagongzuozhongdianzhuanyidaoshehuizhuyixiandaihuaxingyunsaichetouzhushanglai,zaijianchisixiangjibenyuanzedejichushang,jizhongliliangfazhanshehuishengchanli。zheishizuigenbendeboluanfanzheng。”

幸运赛车投注  zaiquanmianshenhuagaigezhong,xingyunsaichetouzhuyaojianchifazhanrengshijiejuewoguosuoyouwentideguanjianzheigezhongdazhanlvepanduan,shishichangzaiziyuanpeizhizhongqijuedingxingzuoyonghegenghaofahuizhengfuzuoyong,tuidongwoguoshehuishengchanlibuduanxiangqianfazhan。xingyunsaichetouzhujiangbuyaojiandanyiguoneishengchanzongzhizengzhanglvlunyingxiong,yaokanquanmiangongzuoshuiping,jiushishuoyaoanzhaoshengchanlifazhanguilvqufazhan,erbuyaoweibeiguilvmangan。xingyunsaichetouzhuyaozhengqueyunyongshengchanlibiaozhun,tuidongshixianwudebuduanfengfuherendequanmianfazhandetongyi。

  suiranwuzhishengchanshishehuishenghuodejichu,danshangcengjianzhuyekeyifanzuoyongyujingjijichu,shengchanliheshengchanguanxi、jingjijichuheshangcengjianzhuzhijianyouzheshifenfuzadeguanxi,youzhezuoyonghefanzuoyongdexianshiguocheng,bingbushidanxianshidejiandanjuedinghebeijuedingluoji。

  shijieshangdeshiwuzongshiyouzhezheiyangneiyangdelianxi,bunenggulidijingzhidikandaishiwufazhan,fouzewangwanghuichuxianmangrenmoxiang、yipiangaiquandewenti。zhengsuowei“youwuxiangsheng,nanyixiangcheng,zhangduanxiangxing,gaoxiaxiangqing,yinshengxianghe,qianhouxiangsui”。zaiguanchashehuifazhanshi,yidingyaozhuyizheizhongjuedinghebeijueding、zuoyonghefanzuoyongdeyoujilianxi。duishengchanlibiaozhunbixuquanmianzhunquelijie,bunengjueduihua,bunengpiekaishengchanguanxi、shangcengjianzhulailijieshengchanlibiaozhun。gaigekaifangyilai,xingyunsaichetouzhudangtichudeyixilie“liangshouzhua”,baokuoyishouzhuawuzhiwenmingxingyunsaichetouzhu、yishouzhuajingshenwenmingxingyunsaichetouzhu,yishouzhuajingjixingyunsaichetouzhu、yishouzhuafazhixingyunsaichetouzhu,yishouzhuafazhan、yishouzhuawending,yishouzhuagaigekaifang、yishouzhuachengzhifubaideng,doushifuhelishiweiwuzhuyiyaoqiude。

幸运赛车投注  xingyunsaichetouzhuzaikaolvzheicisanzhongquanhuiyitishi,jiutichuyaozhidingyigequanmianshenhuagaigedefangan,erbushizhijiangjingjitizhigaige,huozhezhijiangjingjitizhiheshehuitizhigaige。zheiyangkaolv,shiyinweiyaojiejuexingyunsaichetouzhumianlindetuchumaodunhewenti,jinjinyikaodangelingyu、dangecengcidegaigenanyizouxiao,bixujiaqiangdingcengsheji、zhengtimouhua,zengqianggexianggaigedeguanlianxing、xitongxing、xietongxing。zhiyoujijiejuehaoshengchanguanxizhongbushiyingdewenti,youjiejuehaoshangcengjianzhuzhongbushiyingdewenti,zheiyangcainengchanshengzonghexiaoying。

  tongshi,xingyunsaichetouzhuyetuchuqiangdiaoleyaoyijingjixingyunsaichetouzhuweizhongxin、fahuijingjitizhigaigeqianyinzuoyong。zheijiushishuo,yaobawozhuwoguoxianjieduanshehuijibenmaodundezhuyaofangmian,zhongdianshifazhan。zhiyoujinjinweiraofazhanzheigediyiyaowulaibushugefangmiangaige,yijiefanghefazhanshehuishengchanliweigaigetigongqiangdaqianyin,cainenggenghaotuidongshengchanguanxiyushengchanli、shangcengjianzhuyujingjijichuxiangshiying。woguogaigekaifangyilaideshijianchongfenzhengming,jinjinniuzhujiefanghefazhanshehuishengchanli,jiunengweiqitagefangmiangaigetigongqiangdatuidong,yingxiangqitagegefangmiangaigexiangyingtuijin。

  zheili,wohaiyaoshuodaoyigewenti。makesi、engesiyunyongshehuijibenmaoduntuidongshehuifazhandeguilv,duiweilaishehuifazhanzuochulekexueyujian。《gongchandangxuanyan》tichu: “zichanjiejidemiewanghewuchanjiejideshenglishitongyangbukebimiande。”zheijiushi“lianggebiran”,shijiurenleilishizongdefazhanqushieryande,shilishiguilvdebiranzhixiang。zheilihaiyaoshuodaomakesitichude“lianggejuebuhui”,makesishuo: “wulunnayigeshehuixingtai,zaitasuonengrongnadequanbushengchanlifahuichulaiyiqian,shijuebuhuimiewangde;erxindegenggaodeshengchanguanxi,zaitadewuzhicunzaitiaojianzaijiushehuidetaibaolichengshuyiqian,shijuebuhuichuxiande。”makesidezheiyizhongyaolundian,keyibangzhuxingyunsaichetouzhulijieweishenmezibenzhuyizhijinmeiyouwanquanxiaowang,weishenmeshehuizhuyihaihuichuxiansulianjieti、dongoujubianneiyangdequzhe,weishenmemakesizhuyiyujiandegongchanzhuyihaixuyaojingguohenzhangdelishifazhancainengshixian。xuedonglezheiyirenshiheyanjiushehuilishifazhandekexueshijieguanhefangfalun,xingyunsaichetouzhujiunengjiandinglixiangdezhuxingu、zhulaoxinniandeyacangshi,baochiqiangdadezhanlvedingli。xingyunsaichetouzhuyaojiandingzhongguoteseshehuizhuyidaoluzixin、lilunzixin、zhiduzixin,buduantigaowoguoshehuishengchanlifazhanshuipingherenminshenghuoshuiping,shiwoguoshehuizhuyizhiduyouyuexingbuduanxianxianhefengfuqilai,shizhongguoteseshehuizhuyidaoluyuezouyuekuanguang。

  第三,学习和掌握人民群众是历史创造者的观点,紧紧依靠人民推进改革。如何认识人民群众在历史上的作用,是社会历史观的重大问题。同历史唯心主义英雄史观相对立,历史唯物主义群众史观第一次彻底解决了这个重大问题,提出人民是历史的创造者。遵循历史唯物主义这一观点,幸运赛车投注党提出了群众路线,并把它作为党的生命线和根本工作路线。

幸运赛车投注  zaigeming、xingyunsaichetouzhu、gaigegegelishishiqi,xingyunsaichetouzhudangdoujianchijinjinyikaorenmin。gaigekaifang35nianlaidelichengbiaoming,xuduogaigedoushiyoujicengqunzhongzifatuidong、zixiaershangxingchengde,guangdarenminqunzhongshituidonggaigedezhongyaoliliang。jintian,xingyunsaichetouzhuquanmianshenhuagaige,yiranyaochongfenfahuirenminzhutizuoyong。weilerenminergaige,gaigecaiyouyiyi;yikaorenminergaige,gaigecaiyoudongli。

幸运赛车投注  dangdeshibajiesanzhongquanhuizaizongjiegaigekaifanglishijingyanshiqiangdiao,yaojianchiyirenweiben,zunzhongrenminzhutidiwei,fahuiqunzhongshouchuangjingshen,jinjinyikaorenmintuidonggaige,cujinrendequanmianfazhan;zaiquanmianshenhuagaigedezhidaosixiangzhongxianmingtichu,yaoyicujinshehuigongpingzhengyi、zengjinrenminfuzhiweichufadianheluojiaodian。zaiquanmianshenhuagaigejinchengzhong,xingyunsaichetouzhuyaojianchimakesizhuyiqunzhongguandian,jianchidangdequnzhongluxian,“yibaixingxinweixin”,bashixianhao、weihuhao、fazhanhaozuiguangdarenmingenbenliyizuoweituijingaigedechufadianheluojiaodian,rangfazhanchengguogengduogenggongpinghuijiquantirenmin。weiyouruci,gaigecainengdayouzuowei。

  tangtaizonglishiminhedachenmenzaizhenguannianjianzongjiesuiyangdiwangguodejiaoxunshishuo,zhiliguojia“bixuxiancunbaixing,ruosunbaixingyifengqishen,yougeguyidanfu,fubaoershenbi”。gudaifengjiantongzhizheshangnengrenshidaocunyangbaixingdezhongyaoxing,xingyunsaichetouzhudangdegejilingdaoganbugengyingzijuejianchiquanxinquanyiweirenminxingyunsaichetouzhudegenbenzongzhi,baochitongrenminqunzhongdexueroulianxi,shizhongyurenmintonghuxi、gongmingyun、xinlianxin,tuanjiedailingrenminxuxiegaigexinpianzhang,quebaogaigequdechenggong。

  zaiquanmianshenhuagaigezhong,xingyunsaichetouzhuyaochulihaozunzhongkeguanguilvhefahuizhuguannengdongxingdeguanxi。yifangmian,yaojianchiyiqiecongshijichufa,anzhaokeguanguilvbanshi,yizhanglantuzhuadaodi,zhuahaodajichulizhangyuandegongzuo,bunengpainaodai、xiazhihui、luanjuece,dujueduanqixingwei、bamiaozhuzhang。lingyifangmian,yaogulidifang、jiceng、qunzhongdadantansuo、xianxingxianshi,jishizongjiejingyan,yongyutuijinlilunheshijianchuangxin,buduanshenhuaduigaigeguilvderenshi。xingyunsaichetouzhutichujiaqiangdingcengshejihemozheshitouguohexiangjiehe、zhengtituijinhezhongdiantupoxiangcujin,zheishiquanmianshenhuagaigebixuzunxundezhongyaoyuanze,yeshilishiweiwuzhuyideyaoqiu。

幸运赛车投注  zuihou,woxiangqiangdiaodeshi,xingyunsaichetouzhudangzaizhongguozheiyangyigeyouzhe13yirenkoudedaguozhizheng,mianduizheshifenfuzadeguoneiwaihuanjing,jianfuzhefanzhongdezhizhengshiming,ruguoquefalilunsiweideyoulizhicheng,shinanyizhanshenggezhongfengxianhekunnande,yeshinanyibuduanqianjinde。engesishuoguo: “yigeminzuyaoxiangzhanzaikexuedezuigaofeng,jiuyikeyebunengmeiyoulilunsiwei。”quandangdouyaojiaqiangduimakesizhuyizhexuedexuexiheyunyong,tigaoyunyongmakesizhuyilichang、guandian、fangfafenxihejiejuewentidenengli。xuexibushibeijiaotiao、beiyulu,ershiyaoyongyijiejueshijiwenti。dangdegejilingdaoganbutebieshigaojiganbu,yaoyuanyuanbenbenxuexiheyandujingdianzhuzuo,nulibamakesizhuyizhexuezuoweizijidekanjiabenling,jiandinglixiangxinnian,jianchizhengquezhengzhifangxiang,tigaozhanlvesiweinengli、zonghejuecenengli、jiayuquanjunengli,tuanjiedailingrenminbuduanshuxiegaigekaifanglishixinpianzhang。

  (zheishixijinpingzongshuji2013nian12yue3rizaishibajiezhongyangzhengzhijudishiyicijitixuexishijianghuadezhuyaobufen。)

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